There were 194,477 casualties of all severities, the first increase in overall casualties since 1997, new figures show.
The Institute of Advanced Motorists (IAM) has voiced concern following the publication of the latest accident statistics from the Department for Transport.
Pedestrian fatalities increased by 12 per cent from 398 in 2013 to 446 in 2014, and vehicle traffic levels increased by 2.4 per cent between 2013 and 2014.
The numbers of people killed on roads with a 20mph limit increased by 367 per cent.
Last week, Key Reported Road Casualties Scotland 2014 figures showed a total of 11,240 road casualties reported in 2014 and there were 200 fatalities – 6 per cent more than 2013.
Neil Greig, IAM director of policy and research, said: “We call again for road safety targets to be reintroduced – they are the only clear way of ensuring reductions are measured and achieved.
“There also must be a greater focus on driver and rider quality and incentives for companies and individuals to continuously develop their skills.”